Cancer centers in low- and middle-income countries

Section edited by: Dr Kishor Bhatia and Dr Edward Trimble.

This section will provide a platform to showcase detailed features of institutes from low and middle income countries including; activities and resources for prevention, diagnosis, treatment and palliative care (available facilities, health care worker resources, outreach programs, collaborations, research projects, oncology-related training facilities, etc.); funding support from local government, foundations, or privately borne by patients; key features of the cancer center and its partnerships that contribute to its success; challenges, both universal and setting-specific, and how they are addressed; policy and practice implications including discussion of what could be adapted by others, what gaps need to be addressed, and what differences might arise in other settings.

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  1. Research Article

    Rare bacterial isolates causing bloodstream infections in Ethiopian patients with cancer

    In recent years, saprophytic bacteria have been emerging as potential human pathogens causing life-threatening infections in patients with malignancies. However, evidence is lacking concerning such bacteria, p...

    Balew Arega, Yimtubezinash Wolde-Amanuel, Kelemework Adane, Ezra Belay, Abdulaziz Abubeker and Daniel Asrat

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:40

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  2. Research Article

    Outcome of HIV-associated lymphoma in a resource-limited setting of Jos, Nigeria

    Lymphoma is a leading cause of cancer-related death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in the current era of potent anti-retroviral therapy (ART). Globally, mortality after HIV-assoc...

    Olugbenga Akindele Silas, Chad J. Achenbach, Lifang Hou, Robert L. Murphy, Julie O. Egesie, Solomon A. Sagay, Oche O. Agbaji, Patricia E. Agaba, Jonah Musa, Agabus N. Manasseh, Ezra D. Jatau, Ayuba M. Dauda, Maxwell O. Akanbi and Barnabas M. Mandong

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:34

    Published on: 5 June 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:37

  3. Research Article

    Low prevalence of human mammary tumor virus (HMTV) in breast cancer patients from Myanmar

    Human mammary tumor virus (HMTV) is 90–95% homologous to mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV), one of the causal agents of murine mammary tumors. HMTV (MMTV-like) sequences were reported to be present in human bre...

    Thar Htet San, Masayoshi Fujisawa, Soichiro Fushimi, Teizo Yoshimura, Toshiaki Ohara, Lamin Soe, Ngu Wah Min, Ohnmar Kyaw, Xu Yang and Akihiro Matsukawa

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:20

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  4. Research Article

    Genetic variability in E6, E7 and L1 genes of Human Papillomavirus 62 and its prevalence in Mexico

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main etiological agent of cervical cancer, the third most common cancer among women globally and the second most frequent in Mexico. Persistent infection with high-risk HPV ge...

    Cristina Artaza-Irigaray, María Guadalupe Flores-Miramontes, Dominik Olszewski, María Teresa Magaña-Torres, María Guadalupe López-Cardona, Yelda Aurora Leal-Herrera, Patricia Piña-Sánchez, Luis Felipe Jave-Suárez and Adriana Aguilar-Lemarroy

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:15

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  5. Research Article

    Worldwide malaria incidence and cancer mortality are inversely associated

    Investigations on the effects of malaria infection on cancer mortality are limited except for the incidence of Burkitt’s lymphoma (BL) in African children. Our previous murine lung cancer model study demonstra...

    Li Qin, Changzhong Chen, Lili Chen, Ran Xue, Ming Ou-Yang, Chengzhi Zhou, Siting Zhao, Zhengxiang He, Yu Xia, Jianxing He, Pinghua Liu, Nanshan Zhong and Xiaoping Chen

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:14

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  6. Research Article

    Hepatitis C virus seroprevalence in the general female population of 9 countries in Europe, Asia and Africa

    New oral treatments with very high cure rates have the potential to revolutionize global management of hepatitis C virus (HCV), but population-based data on HCV infection are missing in many low and middle-inc...

    Gary M. Clifford, Tim Waterboer, Bolormaa Dondog, You Lin Qiao, Dimitri Kordzaia, Doudja Hammouda, Namory Keita, Nahid Khodakarami, Syed Ahsan Raza, Ang Tshering Sherpa, Witold Zatonski, Michael Pawlita, Martyn Plummer and Silvia Franceschi

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:9

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  7. Methodology

    The surgical pathology laboratory in Mwanza, Tanzania: a survey on the reproducibility of diagnoses after the first years of autonomous activity

    In 2000, an Italian non-governmental organisation (NGO) began a 9-year project to establish a surgical pathology laboratory at the Bugando Medical Centre (BMC) in Mwanza, Tanzania, a country with a low Human D...

    R. Tumino, P. F. Rambau, F. Callea, L. Leoncini, R. Monaco, J. Kahima, V. Stracca Pansa, L. Viberti, D. Amadori, P. Giovenali and K. A. Mteta

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:6

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  8. Research Article

    Multiple HPV infections in female sex workers in Western Kenya: implications for prophylactic vaccines within this sub population

    Whilst the imputed role of High Risk (HR) HPV infection in the development of cervical lesions and cancer has been established, the high number of HPV genotypes that Female Sex workers (FSW) harbour warrants ...

    Sonia Menon, Davy van den Broeck, Rodolfo Rossi, Emilomo Ogbe and Hillary Mabeya

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:2

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  9. Research Article

    Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in cervical intraepithelial lesions and the status of cytological p16/Ki-67 dual-staining

    Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is not a disease subject to mandatory reporting in Brazil, and the prevalence rate of this genital infection varies according to the region in which studies ...

    R. Robial, A. Longatto-Filho, C. M. Roteli-Martins, M. F. Silveira, D. Stauffert, G. G. Ribeiro, I. M. Linhares, M. Tacla, M. A. Zonta and E. C. Baracat

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:3

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  10. Research Article

    Molecular Detection of Epstein - Barr virus in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma among Sudanese population

    Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common cancer arising from the nasopharynx that varies significantly from other cancers of the head and neck in its occurrence, causes, clinical behavior, and treatme...

    Ali Edris, Mona Ali Mohamed, Nouh S. Mohamed and Emmanuel E. Siddig

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2016 11:55

    Published on: 8 November 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2016 11:60

  11. Research Article

    HPV-16 infection modifies overall survival of Puerto Rican HNSCC patients

    HPV-16 modifies the overall survival (OS) of patients with oropharyngeal cancer (OPSCC). HPV-16 has been established as risk factor for OPSCC, but HPV-16 infection may also reside in the larynx and oral cavity...

    Bianca Rivera-Peña, Francisco J. Ruíz-Fullana, Germán L. Vélez-Reyes, Rosa J. Rodriguez-Benitez, María J. Marcos-Martínez, Juan Trinidad-Pinedo and Adriana Báez

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2016 11:47

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  12. Research Article

    Hepatitis B virus X protein mediated suppression of miRNA-122 expression enhances hepatoblastoma cell proliferation through cyclin G1-p53 axis

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) reported to be associated with pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and miR-122 expression is down regulated in HCC. Previous studies reported miR-122 targets ...

    Manikankana Bandopadhyay, Neelakshi Sarkar, Sibnarayan Datta, Dipanwita Das, Ananya Pal, Rajesh Panigrahi, Arup Banerjee, Chinmay K. Panda, Chandrima Das, Shekhar Chakrabarti and Runu Chakravarty

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2016 11:40

    Published on: 15 August 2016

  13. Research Article

    Distribution of human papillomaviruses and bacterial vaginosis in HIV positive women with abnormal cytology in Mombasa, Kenya

    HPV is the major etiological factor in the causal pathway for cervical cancer, which is the leading cancer among women in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV is associated with a higher prevalence and a broader range of h...

    Sonia Simone Menon, Rodolfo Rossi, Ronald Harebottle, Hillary Mabeya and Davy vanden Broeck

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2016 11:17

    Published on: 6 April 2016

  14. Research Article

    Use of swabs for dry collection of self-samples to detect human papillomavirus among Malagasy women

    Most women in developing countries have never attended cervical screening programmes and often little information exists on type-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence among these populations. Self-sam...

    Pierre Vassilakos, Rosa Catarino, Stephanie Bougel, Maria Munoz, Caroline Benski, Ulrike Meyer-Hamme, Jeromine Jinoro, Josea Lea Heriniainasolo and Patrick Petignat

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2016 11:13

    Published on: 17 March 2016

  15. Short Report

    Non-typhoidal Salmonella DNA traces in gallbladder cancer

    We earlier proposed a genetic model for gallbladder carcinogenesis and its dissemination cascade. However, the association of gallbladder cancer and ‘inflammatory stimulus’ to drive the initial cascade in the ...

    Prajish Iyer, Savio George Barreto, Bikram Sahoo, Pratik Chandrani, Mukta R. Ramadwar, Shailesh V. Shrikhande and Amit Dutt

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2016 11:12

    Published on: 3 March 2016

  16. Research Article

    Prevalence of human papilloma virus (HPV) and its genotypes in cervical specimens of Egyptian women by linear array HPV genotyping test

    The association of human papillomavirus (HPV) with cervical cancer is well established.

    Mohamed A. Youssef, Lobna Abdelsalam, Reem Abdelhameed Harfoush, Iman Mamdouh Talaat, Eman Elkattan, Abeer Mohey, Rana M. A. Abdella, Marwa Salah Farhan, Hany Ahmed Foad, Abeer Mostafa Elsayed, Naglaa A. Elkinaai, Doaa Ghaith, Mohamed Elsayed Rashed, Mohamed Abd-El Ghafar, Yasser Khamis and Ahmed N. Hosni

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2016 11:6

    Published on: 17 February 2016

  17. Meeting Report

    Pathology and oncology in Africa: education and training for the future in cancer research– East African Regional Meeting

    According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) will increase globally, with the largest increase being on the African continent. On our continent, projections ha...

    D. C. Stefan, N. Masalu, L. Ngendahayo, D. Amadori, M. Botteghi, M. Mendy, N. A. Othieno-Aabinya, T. Ngoma, F. Asirwa, O. Balogun, W. Ngwa, E. Vuhahula and A Adesina

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2015 10:48

    Published on: 17 December 2015

  18. Research Article

    Human papillomavirus genotypes among women with or without HIV infection: an epidemiological study of Moroccan women from the Souss area

    Data on Human PapillomaVirus (HPV) infection are scarce in Morocco. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of HPV and cervical cytology abnormalities in women from the Souss area, Morocco.

    Essaada Belglaiaa, Hicham Elannaz, Bouchra Mouaouya, Mohamed Aksim, Mariette Mercier, Jean-Luc Prétet, Said Chouham and Christiane Mougin

    Infectious Agents and Cancer 2015 10:44

    Published on: 8 December 2015

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