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Cancer centers in low- and middle-income countries

Section edited by: Dr Kishor Bhatia and Dr Edward Trimble.

This section will provide a platform to showcase detailed features of institutes from low and middle income countries including; activities and resources for prevention, diagnosis, treatment and palliative care (available facilities, health care worker resources, outreach programs, collaborations, research projects, oncology-related training facilities, etc.); funding support from local government, foundations, or privately borne by patients; key features of the cancer center and its partnerships that contribute to its success; challenges, both universal and setting-specific, and how they are addressed; policy and practice implications including discussion of what could be adapted by others, what gaps need to be addressed, and what differences might arise in other settings.

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  1. Previous studies hypothesized that androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) may reduce severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV2) infectivity. However, it is unknown whether there is an association ...

    Authors: Mateus Bringel Oliveira Duarte, Frederico Leal, Juliana Luz Passos Argenton and José Barreto Campello Carvalheira

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:66

    Content type: Research Article

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  2. Gastric cancer (GC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Because it is hard to diagnose at early stage, the overall 5 years survival rate is lower than 25%. High migration is the main hallmark...

    Authors: Honghu Xie, Yu He, Yugang Wu and Qicheng Lu

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:63

    Content type: Research Article

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  3. Human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cancers are increasingly reported globally, including in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, with the exception of cervical HPV infection, data from SSA on the epidemiology...

    Authors: Imran O. Morhason-Bello, Kathy Baisley, Miquel Angel Pavon, Isaac F. Adewole, Rasheed Bakare, Silvia de Sanjosé, Suzanna C. Francis and Deborah Watson-Jones

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:59

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. To compare updated prospective 5-year survival outcomes of cervical cancer patients living with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who initiated curative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in a...

    Authors: Emily MacDuffie, Memory Bvochora-Nsingo, Sebathu Chiyapo, Dawn Balang, Allison Chambers, Jessica M. George, Shawna Tuli, Lilie L. Lin, Nicola M. Zetola, Doreen Ramogola-Masire and Surbhi Grover

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:55

    Content type: Short Report

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  5. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a herpesvirus associated with lymphoid and epithelial malignancies. Both B cells and epithelial cells are susceptible and permissive to EBV infection. However, considering that 90% ...

    Authors: Francisco Aguayo, Enrique Boccardo, Alejandro Corvalán, Gloria M. Calaf and Rancés Blanco

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:50

    Content type: Review

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  6. This study was conducted to evaluate the microbiological profile of bacterial isolates in febrile neutropenia in a pediatric oncology unit, thereby, reviewing the use of restricted antibiotics and need for agg...

    Authors: Vinson James, Anand Prakash, Kayur Mehta and Tarangini Durugappa

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:44

    Content type: Research Article

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  7. Recent studies have proposed that commensal bacteria might be involved in the development and progression of gastrointestinal disorders such as colorectal cancer (CRC). Therefore, in this study, the relative a...

    Authors: Aref Shariati, Shabnam Razavi, Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad, Behnaz Jahanbin, Abolfazl Akbari, Samira Norzaee and Davood Darban-Sarokhalil

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:41

    Content type: Research Article

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  8. Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of malignancies among women in Ethiopia. Knowing the disease could empower women to make an informed decision regarding participation with cervical cancer preventio...

    Authors: Awoke Derbie, Daniel Mekonnen, Eyaya Misgan, Yihun Mulugeta Alemu, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel and Tamrat Abebe

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:11

    Content type: Review

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  9. Persistent infection with high-risk genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer. The HPV oncoprotein E7 is constitutively expressed in cervical cancer and considered as an e...

    Authors: Fariba Dorostkar, Arash Arashkia, Farzin Roohvand, Zabihollah Shoja, Mohsen Navari, Maryam Mashhadi Abolghasem Shirazi, Zahra Shahosseini, Mohammad Farahmand, Mohammad Sadegh Shams nosrati and Somayeh Jalilvand

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:7

    Content type: Research Article

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  10. Killian polyp (KP) is a benign lesion that arises from the maxillary sinus. The etiology of KP is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential involvement of human papilloma- (HPV) and polyo...

    Authors: Lucia Oton-Gonzalez, John Charles Rotondo, Luca Cerritelli, Nicola Malagutti, Carmen Lanzillotti, Ilaria Bononi, Andrea Ciorba, Chiara Bianchini, Chiara Mazziotta, Monica De Mattei, Stefano Pelucchi, Mauro Tognon and Fernanda Martini

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:3

    Content type: Research Article

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  11. Cervical cancer is the fourth commonest cancer in women in the world with the highest regional incidence and mortality seen in Southern, Eastern and Western Africa. It is the commonest cause of cancer morbidit...

    Authors: Shirley Chibonda, Ntokozo Ndlovu, Nomsa Tsikai, Lameck Munangaidzwa, Sandra Ndarukwa, Albert Nyamhunga and Tinashe Mazhindu

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:1

    Content type: Research Article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:12

  12. Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in developing countries. Since cervical cancer is a preventable disease, screening is an important control and prevention strategy, recommended...

    Authors: Asteray Assmie Ayenew, Biruk Ferede Zewdu and Azezu Asres Nigussie

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:67

    Content type: Research Article

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  13. The aim of this research was to evaluate independently the performance of a new isothermal amplification assay for cervical cancer screening compared to two previously validated PCR-based assays and histologic...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Hui Du, Xia Huang, Chun Wang, Xianzhi Duan, Yan Liu, Bin Shi, Wei Zhang, Xinfeng Qu, Lihui Wei, M. Schiffman, J. L. Belinson and Ruifang Wu

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:65

    Content type: Methodology

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  14. Rapid, high-volume screening programs are needed as part of cervical cancer prevention in China.

    Authors: Andrew Goldstein, Yang Lei, Lena Goldstein, Amelia Goldstein, Qiao Xu Bai, Juan Felix, Roberta Lipson, Maria Demarco, Mark Schiffman, Didem Egemen, Kanan T. Desai, Sarah Bedell, Janet Gersten, Gail Goldstein, Karen O’Keefe, Casey O’Keefe…

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:64

    Content type: Research Article

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  15. We propose an economical cervical screening research and implementation strategy designed to take into account the typically slow natural history of cervical cancer and the severe but hopefully temporary impac...

    Authors: Kayode Olusegun Ajenifuja, Jerome Belinson, Andrew Goldstein, Kanan T. Desai, Silvia de Sanjose and Mark Schiffman

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:61

    Content type: Commentary

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  16. Accelerated global control of cervical cancer would require primary prevention with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in addition to novel screening program strategies that are simple, inexpensive, and ef...

    Authors: Kanan T. Desai, Kayode O. Ajenifuja, Adekunbiola Banjo, Clement A. Adepiti, Akiva Novetsky, Cathy Sebag, Mark H. Einstein, Temitope Oyinloye, Tamara R. Litwin, Matt Horning, Fatai Olatunde Olanrewaju, Mufutau Muphy Oripelaye, Esther Afolabi, Oluwole O. Odujoko, Philip E. Castle, Sameer Antani…

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:60

    Content type: Research Article

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  17. Prostatic male genital schistosomiasis and prostate cancer co-existence cases are uncommon however, some studies have indicated that schistosomiasis may trigger development of prostate cancer regardless of age...

    Authors: Emilia T. Choto, Takafira Mduluza, Francisca Mutapi and Moses J. Chimbari

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:59

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. Bladder cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in adults worldwide. There are various risk factors described for the bladder cancer development including genetic background as well as environmenta...

    Authors: Solmaz Ohadian Moghadam, Kamyar Mansori, Mohammad Reza Nowroozi, Davoud Afshar, Behzad Abbasi and Ali Nowroozi

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:52

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. Hepatitis B virus (HBV), along with Hepatitis C virus chronic infection, represents a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. However, molecular mechanisms involved in the development...

    Authors: Davod Javanmard, Mohammad Najafi, Mohammad Reza Babaei, Mohammad Hadi Karbalaie Niya, Maryam Esghaei, Mahshid Panahi, Fahimeh Safarnezhad Tameshkel, Ahmad Tavakoli, Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri, Hadi Ghaffari, Angila Ataei-Pirkooh, Seyed Hamidreaz Monavari and Farah Bokharaei-Salim

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:37

    Content type: Research Article

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  20. Despite the demonstrated role of human Papillomavirus (HPV) in the etiology of cervical cancer and the strong evidence suggesting the importance of HPV in the development of oropharyngeal cancer, several aspects ...

    Authors: Tamy Taianne Suehiro, Gabrielle Marconi Zago Ferreira Damke, Edilson Damke, Paloma Luana Rodrigues de Azevedo Ramos, Marcela de Andrade Pereira Silva, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Warner K. Huh, Ricardo Argemiro Fonseca Franco, Vânia Ramos Sela da Silva, Isabel Cristina Scarinci and Marcia Edilaine Lopes Consolaro

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:31

    Content type: Short Report

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  21. The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted viruses worldwide. HPV infection in men is a serious clinical issue as they could be considered as a reservoir for inadvertently tr...

    Authors: Mehrdad Davarmanesh, Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri, Mehrouz Dezfulian and Mohammad Javad Gharavi

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:29

    Content type: Research Article

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  22. Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. In 2018, globally 569,847 cervical cancer were diagnosed and 311,000 deaths were projected due to this preventable disease. Worldwide, therefore, the cervical ...

    Authors: Dominique Diouf, Gora Diop, Cheikh Ahmadou Tidian Diarra, Aminata Issa Ngom, Khadija Niane, Moussa Ndiaye, Sidy Ka, Oumar Faye and Ahmadou Dem

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:24

    Content type: Research Article

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  23. The first HPV vaccines licensed targeted two HPV types responsible for most cervical cancers. A 9-valent vaccine (9vHPV), targeting 5 additional types, was introduced in 2016 and is currently the only HPV vacc...

    Authors: N. J. Murphy, L. R. Bulkow, M. Steinau, E. F. Dunne, E. Meites, L. E. Markowitz, E. R. Unger and T. W. Hennessy

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:13

    Content type: Research Article

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  24. Genital infection with certain types of Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major cause of cervical cancer globally. For early detection of premalignant dysplasia, evidences are coming out on the usefulness of HPV...

    Authors: Awoke Derbie, Daniel Mekonnen, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Xaveer Van Ostade and Tamrat Abebe

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:9

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  25. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes around 90% of cervical cancer cases, and cervical cancer is a leading cause of female mortality worldwide. HPV-derived oncoprotein E7 participates in cervical carcin...

    Authors: Nopphamon Na Rangsee, Pattamawadee Yanatatsaneejit, Trairak Pisitkun, Poorichaya Somparn, Pornrutsami Jintaridth and Supachai Topanurak

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:7

    Content type: Research Article

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  26. The role of human polyomaviruses (HPyVs) in epithelial tumors such as head and neck carcinomas (HNSCCs) including oral and oropharyngeal carcinomas has not been established. In this study, we evaluated for the...

    Authors: Juan P. Muñoz, Rancés Blanco, Julio C. Osorio, Carolina Oliva, María José Diaz, Diego Carrillo-Beltrán, Rebeca Aguayo, Andrés Castillo, Julio C. Tapia, Gloria M. Calaf, Aldo Gaggero and Francisco Aguayo

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2020 15:4

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  27. Describe the characteristics of patients seen at the Cancer Prevention and Control Service at a Peruvian private cancer clinic in 2014.

    Authors: José Revilla-López, Andrea Anampa-Guzmán, Luis Casanova Marquez, Katrina Weeks, Suzanne Pollard, Adriel Olórtegui-Yzú, María Ruiz-Velazco, Alba Davila-Edquen, Daniel Castro-Dorer, Juan Wong-Barrenechea, Jossira Abad-Seminario, Pamela Gonzáles-Ramos, Fiorella Rivera-Sandoval and Carlos Carracedo-Gonzáles

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2019 14:44

    Content type: Research Article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2019 14:50

  28. The WHO Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer launched in 2018 will translate into an additional one million lives saved or a survival rate of at least 60% for children with cancer to be attained by 2030. Thi...

    Authors: Daniela Cristina Stefan

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2019 14:34

    Content type: Commentary

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  29. The pathogenesis of lung cancer is triggered by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, being the tobacco smoke the most important risk factor. Nevertheless, the incidence of lung cancer in non-smo...

    Authors: Estela Maria Silva, Vânia Sammartino Mariano, Paula Roberta Aguiar Pastrez, Miguel Cordoba Pinto, Emily Montosa Nunes, Laura Sichero, Luisa Lina Villa, Cristovam Scapulatempo-Neto, Kari Juhani Syrjanen and Adhemar Longatto-Filho

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2019 14:18

    Content type: Research Article

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  30. Despite the high prevalences of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infections and cervical cancer in Nigeria, utilization of the HPV vaccine as a highly effective preventive measure remains low. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Adaobi I. Bisi-Onyemaechi, Ugo N. Chikani and Obinna Nduagubam

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2018 13:29

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  31. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is the most common cancer in people with HIV. Although 95% of HIV patients are in developing countries like Peru, the majority of these studies have been conducted in developed count...

    Authors: Luis Ernesto Cuellar, Andrea Anampa-Guzmán, Alexis Manuel Holguín, Juan Velarde, Diana Portillo-Alvarez, Marco Antonio Zuñiga-Ninaquispe, Esther Rosa Luna-Reyes, Jule Vásquez, Joanne Marie Jeter and Karen Marie Winkfield

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2018 13:27

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  32. Aberrant glycosylation is a characteristic of tumour cells. The expression of certain glycan structures has been associated with poor prognosis. In cervical carcinoma, changes in the expression levels of some ...

    Authors: Miguel Aco-Tlachi, Ricardo Carreño-López, Patricia L. Martínez-Morales, Paola Maycotte, Adriana Aguilar-Lemarroy, Luis Felipe Jave-Suárez, Gerardo Santos-López, Julio Reyes-Leyva and Verónica Vallejo-Ruiz

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2018 13:25

    Content type: Research Article

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  33. The impact of different anti-virus regimens on prognosis of Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) related cirrhosis remains to be explored. We aim to investigate whether CHB-related HCC patients receiving nucleoside analo...

    Authors: Jing Sun, Yanfang Li, Yanna Wang, Yanyan Liu, Youde Liu and Xiumei Wang

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2018 13:17

    Content type: Research Article

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  34. This study aimed to evaluate trends and predictors of survival after cancer diagnosis in persons living with HIV in the Caribbean, Central, and South America network for HIV epidemiology cohort.

    Authors: Valeria I. Fink, Cathy A. Jenkins, Jessica L. Castilho, Anna K. Person, Bryan E. Shepherd, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Juliana Netto, Brenda Crabtree-Ramirez, Claudia P. Cortés, Denis Padgett, Karu Jayathilake, Catherine McGowan and Pedro Cahn

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2018 13:16

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  35. Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality from cancer in Nepalese women. Nearly all cases of CC are caused by infection with certain genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV). Data on ...

    Authors: Sunil Kumar Sah, Joaquin V. González, Sadina Shrestha, Anurag Adhikari, Krishna Das Manandhar, Shyam Babu Yadav, David A. Stein, Birendra Prasad Gupta and María Alejandra Picconi

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2018 13:4

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  36. Following the well-established relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical carcinoma, the carcinogenicity of this virus has also been confirmed in subsets of head and neck carcinoma (HNCA), bu...

    Authors: Warut Pongsapich, Nitathip Eakkasem, Sontana Siritantikorn, Paveena Pithuksurachai, Kshidej Bongsabhikul and Cheerasook Chongkolwatana

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:58

    Content type: Research Article

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  37. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a highly lethal malignant tumor. Currently, Human papillomavirus (HPV) is suggested as a potential risk factor for esophageal cancer (EC) in addition to the classic...

    Authors: Allini Mafra da Costa, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani, Paula Roberta Aguiar Pastrez, Vânia Sammartino Mariano, Estela Maria Silva, Cristovam Scapulatempo Neto, Denise Peixoto Guimarães, Luisa Lina Villa, Laura Sichero, Kari Juhani Syrjanen and Adhemar Longatto-Filho

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:54

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  38. Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is one of the major cancers in China. In 1982, Syrjanen first hypothesized the relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the development of esophageal cancer. Sinc...

    Authors: Shuying Li, Haie Shen, Zhanjun Liu, Ning Li, Suxian Yang, Ke Zhang and Jintao Li

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:53

    Content type: Research Article

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  39. Direct-acting antivirals have been used for decompensated cirrhotic patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, the benefits in Chinese patients with decompensated cirrhosis are unclear.

    Authors: Fanpu Ji, Wenjun Wang, Shuangsuo Dang, Shengbang Wang, Burong Li, Dan Bai, Wenxue Zhao, Hong Deng, Changyin Tian and Zongfang Li

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:48

    Content type: Research Article

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  40. In recent years, saprophytic bacteria have been emerging as potential human pathogens causing life-threatening infections in patients with malignancies. However, evidence is lacking concerning such bacteria, p...

    Authors: Balew Arega, Yimtubezinash Wolde-Amanuel, Kelemework Adane, Ezra Belay, Abdulaziz Abubeker and Daniel Asrat

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:40

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  41. Lymphoma is a leading cause of cancer-related death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in the current era of potent anti-retroviral therapy (ART). Globally, mortality after HIV-assoc...

    Authors: Olugbenga Akindele Silas, Chad J. Achenbach, Lifang Hou, Robert L. Murphy, Julie O. Egesie, Solomon A. Sagay, Oche O. Agbaji, Patricia E. Agaba, Jonah Musa, Agabus N. Manasseh, Ezra D. Jatau, Ayuba M. Dauda, Maxwell O. Akanbi and Barnabas M. Mandong

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:34

    Content type: Research Article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:37

  42. Little information on the prevalence of Kaposi’s sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) among HIV-negative individuals is available from Asia.

    Authors: Tiejun Zhang, Zhenqiu Liu, Jun Wang, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Gary M. Clifford, Na He and Silvia Franceschi

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2017 12:32

    Content type: Short Report

    Published on:

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