Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of FSWs who were screened for pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions using VIA at Good Health for Women Project (GHWP) clinic in Kampala, Uganda (2014–2015

From: Visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) positivity among female sex workers: a cross-sectional study highlighting one-year experiences in early detection of pre-cancerous and cancerous cervical lesions in Kampala, Uganda

Socio-demographic characteristics
Characteristic Frequency Percentage (col % )
Age, years (N = 717)
  Median, 30 (IQR, 26–35)
    18–24 138 19
    25–34 386 54
     35 193 27
Education level ((N = 687)
  Less than primary 303 44
  Primary or greater 384 56
Current marital status (N = 713)
  Married/cohabiting 109 15
  Widowed 40 6
  Separated/divorced 458 64
  Never married 106 15
Smoker (N = 719)
  Never 501 70
  Ever 218 30
Alcohol use (N = 651)
  Low risk 320 49
  Harmful/high risk 251 39
  Alcohol dependent 80 12
Sexual behaviour characteristics
  Total number of lifetime partners (N = 707)
     50 305 43
    51–100 268 38
    > 100 or cannot remember 134 19
Condom use at the last sexual intercourse (N = 634)
  No 306 48
  Yes 328 52
Age at first sexual intercourse, years (N = 712)
  Median; 16 (IQR: 15, 18)   
  < 15 266 37
  15–19 391 55
  > 20 55 8
Sexual and reproductive health characteristics
  Age at first pregnancy, years (N = 671)
    Median; 17 ( IQR, 16–19)   
    < 18 369 55
    18+ 302 45
Parity (N = 719)
  Nulliparous 47 7
  1–2 311 43
  3–4 254 35
  5+ 107 15
Family planning use in the last 12 months (N = 719)
  Yes 420 58
  No 299 42
Family planning method (N = 719)
  None 299 42
  Condoms 139 19
  Injectable contraceptive 176 25
  Oral contraceptive 45 6
  Implants (progesterone) 23 3
  Other method 37 5
Participants’ clinical characteristics
Presence of signs and symptoms of STIs in the last three months (N = 719)
No 512 71
Yes 207 29
HIV status (N = 719)
Positive 315 44
Negative 404 56
Receiving ART (N = 719)
Yes 252 35
No 467 65
VIA result (N = 719)
Negative 679 94
Positive 40 6
Biopsy result (N = 24)
Normal or Inflammation 6 31
Low grade lesions (CIN I) 1 4
High grade lesions (CIN II-III) 13 50
Invasive cancer 4 15