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Table 2 Cervical cancer knowledge and use of care services by having had a cervical exam

From: Sociodemographic factors, health seeking behaviors, reproductive history, and knowledge of cervical screening among women in Swaziland

 Previous Cervical Exam
YesNoTotalp-value
N = 87N = 210N = 297
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Has anyone in your family had cervical cancer?   0.6537
 Yes10 (11.5)21 (10)31 (10.4) 
 No75 (86.2)180 (85.7)255 (85.9) 
 Don’t know2 (2.3)9 (4.3)11 (3.7) 
Do you believe cervical cancer can be prevented?  0.1329
 Yes74 (85.1)157 (74.8)231 (77.8) 
 No2 (2.3)7 (3.3)9 (3.0) 
 Don’t know11 (12.6)46 (21.9)57 (19.2) 
How often should a woman have a PAP smear?   0.5597
 No need to have a PAP smear1 (1.6)1 (0.6)2 (0.8) 
 Every year53 (82.8)150 (88.2)203 (86.7) 
  ≥ every 2 years7 (10.9)16 (9.4)23 (9.8) 
 Other (i.e. Once a month)1 (1.6)1 (0.6)2 (0.8) 
Have you ever heard of VIA   0.0063
 Yes29 (33.3)35 (16.7)64 (21.5) 
 No58 (66.7)174 (82.9)232 (78.1) 
Would you be interested in getting screened by VIA  0.1803
 Yes85 (97.7)208 (99.5)293 (99) 
 No2 (2.3)1 (0.5)3 (1) 
From which of the following sources do you obtain most of your knowledge about health? 0.0832
 Your parents5 (5.9)28 (13.7)33 (11.4) 
 Your friends7 (8.2)10 (4.9)17 (5.9) 
 The media41 (48.2)76 (37.1)117 (40.3) 
 Your sexual partner8 (9.4)15 (7.3)23 (7.9) 
 Other (HCW, school, family)24 (28.2)76 (37.1)100 (34.5) 
What has been your general approach towards using health care services? 0.0144
 Only use whenever I am sick36 (54.5)108 (63.2)144 (60.8) 
 Visit yearly for checkup28 (42.4)45 (26.3)73 (30.8) 
 Hardly ever use1 (1.5)18 (10.5)19 (8.0) 
Are you more likely to use health care facilities or herbal or local remedy 0.5329
 Healthcare facilities85 (98.8)209 (99.5)294 (99.3) 
 Herbal Medicine1 (1.2)1 (0.5)2 (0.7)