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Table 1 Demographics and clinical practice setting of respondents from Africa and other countries to a global medical oncology workload survey (n = 1115)

From: Cancer care workforce in Africa: perspectives from a global survey

  Africa N = 36 Other Countries N = 1079 P-Value
  N (%)  
Demographics
 Sex
  Male 26 (72) 621 (58) 0.085
  Female 10 (28) 453 (42)  
Age (median) 51 44 0.007
 World bank country income level
  High-income 0 (0) 782 (73) < 0.001
  Upper-middle income 7 (19) 179 (17)  
  Low- and low-middle income 29 (81) 118 (11)  
Years in practice (median) 13 10 0.209
 Specialty
  Medical Oncologist 8 (22) 890 (83) < 0.001
  Clinical Oncologist 20 (56) 92 (9)  
  Pediatric Oncologist 1 (3) 10 (1)  
  Hematologist 5 (14) 44 (4)  
  Other^ 2 (6) 43 (5)  
Years of post-graduate training (median) 6 6 0.147
 Completed training in Home country
  Yes 18 (50) 979 (91) < 0.001
  No 18 (50) 91 (8)  
  No response 1 (2) 9 (1)  
Clinical Practice Setting
 System
  Public 19 (53) 714 (66) 0.037
  Private 4 (11) 160 (15)  
  Both 13 (36) 204 (19)  
 Setting
  Hospital In-Patient 30 (52) 552 (76) < 0.001
  Hospital Outpatient 54 (93) 649 (90) 0.502
  Other Outpatient 7 (12) 57 (8) 0.262
 Hospital type
  General Hospital 17 (47) 707 (66) 0.048
  Cancer Hospital 19 (53) 360 (33)  
  Not in hospital setting 0 3 (0)  
 Radiotherapy on Site
  Yes 26 (72) 894 (83) 0.149
  No 10 (28) 173 (16)  
 Palliative Care on Site
  Yes 27 (75) 896 (83) 0.289
  No 9 (25) 171 (16)  
 Chemotherapy Pharmacist on Site
  Yes 26 (72) 895 (83) 0.137
  No 10 (28) 171 (16)  
 Training Program in Center
  Yes 24 (67) 799 (74) 0.322
  No 12 (33) 280 (26)  
 Supervise trainees
  Yes 30 (83) 913 (85) 0.834
  No 6 (17) 166 (15)  
 EMR
  Yes 8 (22) 894 (83) < 0.001
  No 28 (78) 178 (17)  
 Clinic notes
  Dictated 4 (11) 359 (33) 0.005
  Hand-Written 34 (94) 363 (34) < 0.001
  Typed 6 (17) 630 (58) < 0.001
 Service Extenders
  Nurse 30 (83) 788 (73) 0.169
  Nurse practitioner 18 (50) 547 (51) 0.935
  Medical Students 13 (36) 307 (29) 0.318
  Residents 27 (75) 661 (61) 0.095
  Other Physicians 12 (33) 291 (27) 0.398
  1. Numbers do not always add to 100% due to rounding or small amounts of missing data. Responses are missing for sex (n = 5), age (n = 5), clinical practice setting (system) (n = 1), radiotherapy on site (n = 12), palliative care on site (n = 12), chemotherapy pharmacist on site (n = 13), access to Electronic Medical record (EMR) (n = 7)
  2. Indicates applicants could choose multiple responses to same question
  3. ^Other providers included internal medicine (n = 3) and gynecology (n = 3)