Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical features of the 30 patients with HCC

From: A major shift of viral and nutritional risk factors affects the hepatocellular carcinoma risk among Ivorian patients: a preliminary report

Patients baseline characteristics  
Socio-demographical features  
Sex-ratio (M:F) 2.75
Median age, yr (IQRa) 53.7 (43–64)
Low socio-economical standardb n (%) 5 (16.7)
Living in Abidjan n (%) 18 (60.0)
Ethnical origin  
Akan-speaking areas n (%) 11 (36.6)
Gur-speaking areas n (%) 5 16.6)
Kru-speaking areas n (%) 4 (13.3)
Mandé-speaking areas n (%) 7 (23.3)
Foreign born (Burkina Faso) n (%) 3 (10.0)
Lifestyle features  
History of heavy drinking n (%) 7 (23.3)
Tobacco use n (%) 3 (10.0)
Cassava consumption n (%) 19 (63.3)
Maize flour consumption n (%) 16 (53.3)
Peanut consumption n (%) 20 (66.7)
Risk factors of infection  
Dental treatment n (%) 8 (26.6)
Invasive medical practicesc n (%) 11 (36.6)
Ritual scarifications n (%) 12 (40.0)
Sex-transmitted infections n (%) 3 (10.0)
Clinical features  
Metabolic disease (Type 2 diabetes, obesity) n (%) 6 (20.0)
Hepatomegaly n (%) 25 (83.3)
Jaundice n (%) 21 (70.0)
Bruises n (%) 7 (23.3)
Portal anastomoses n (%) 5 (16.6)
Liver pain n (%) 20 (66.7)
Ascites n (%) 21 (70.0)
Multi-nodular tumors n (%) 27 (90.0)
ECOG clinical stage**** n (%)  
- 1 or 2 8 (26.7)
- 3 or 4 22 (73.3)
Biochemistry  
Alpha-feotoprotein >400 ng/mL n (%) 13 (43.3)
Hemoglobin (g/dL ± SD) 10.2 ± 2.0
Prothrombin ratio (% ± SD) 69.3 ± 20.5
ASAT (UI/mL, mean ± SEM) 211 ± 45
ALAT (UI/mL, mean ± SEM) 143 ± 26
  1. aIQR = Interquartile range; b6 persons living in <3 rooms-house
  2. c: transfusion, surgery, drug dispensation with non disposable syringes
  3. ****ECOG = Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group