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Table 2 Distribution of results for provider-collected (Provider) or self-collected (Self) specimen tested for HPV or visual inspection after acetic acid (VIA) by severity of the cytologic interpretation for women living with HIV. Abbreviations: N+, number of positives; %+, percent positive

From: A comparison of screening tests for detection of high-grade cervical abnormalities in women living with HIV from Cameroon

  HPV Testing: Provider HPV Testing: Self VIA
Severity of cytologic interpretation N N+ %+ p p+* p (CD4)* N+ %+ p p+* p (CD4)* N+ %+ p p+* p (CD4)*
Negative 303 87 28.7 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.03 114 37.6 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.03 14 4.6 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
Low-Grade 135 99 73.3 98 72.6 31 23.0
High-Grade 49 47 95.9 45 91.8 22 44.9
  1. *Results on an ordinal logistic regression model for the association of the severity of the cytologic interpretation with screening test positivity adjusted for CD4 and age; p+ is the p value for likelihood of testing positive, and p (CD4) is the p value for the likelihood of lower CD4 counts with increasing severity of the cytologic interpretation. Age was not associated with severity of cytologic interpretation