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Table 1 Sociodemographic factors and HIV status and having had a cervical screening

From: Sociodemographic factors, health seeking behaviors, reproductive history, and knowledge of cervical screening among women in Swaziland

 Previous Cervical Exam
YesNoTotalp-value
N = 87N = 210N = 297
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Age
  < 3021 (24.1)88 (41.9)109 (36.7)0.0032
  ≥ 3066 (75.9)122 (58.1)188 (63.3) 
Region
 Hhohho32 (36.8)79 (38.3)111 (37.9)0.2852
 Lubombo4 (4.6)4 (1.9)8 (2.7) 
 Manzini43 (49.4)91 (44.2)134 (45.7) 
 Shiselweni8 (9.2)32 (15.5)40 (13.7) 
Marital Status
 Married/Cohabiting40 (46)90 (42.9)130 (43.8)0.6222
 Widowed/Single/Separated47 (54)120 (57.1)167 (56.2) 
Monthly income (1 US dollar = 14 Swaziland Lilangeni)
  < E500 or None29 (33.3)84 (40.2)113 (38.2)0.4345
 E500–120023 (26.4)56 (26.8)79 (26.7) 
  > E120135 (40.2)69 (33)104 (35.1) 
Education level
 Primary/No school17 (19.5)50 (23.8)67 (22.6)0.0865
 Secondary46 (52.9)126 (60)172 (57.9) 
 Tertiary24 (27.6)34 (16.2)58 (19.5) 
Employment status
 Employed/Self-employed or Partially59 (67.8)115 (55.8)174 (59.4)0.0541
 Unemployed/Student28 (32.2)91 (44.2)119 (40.6) 
Occupation    
 Laborer24 (35.8)47 (36.2)71 (36)0.9932
 Skilled worker/Clerical26 (38.8)51 (39.2)77 (39.1) 
 Professional17 (25.4)32 (24.6)49 (24.9) 
Smoking status
 Never smoked83 (95.4)204 (97.1)287 (96.6)0.4619
 Former/current smoker4 (4.6)6 (2.9)10 (3.4) 
Drink alcohol?
 Yes11 (13.1)14 (6.7)25 (8.5)0.0875
 No73 (86.9)195 (93.3)268 (91.5) 
HIV status
 Positive34 (41.5)77 (41)111 (41.1)0.9381
 Negative48 (58.5)111 (59)159 (58.9) 
VIA Results
 Positive15 (18.7)20 (10.6)35 (13.1)0.0794
 Negative65 (81.3)168 (89.4)233 (96.9)