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Table 4 Baseline socio-demographic characteristics by cervical cytology category at CCS in an opportunistic screening program in Jos, Nigeria (N = 14,081)

From: HIV status, age at cervical Cancer screening and cervical cytology outcomes in an opportunistic screening setting in Nigeria: a 10-year Cross sectional data analysis

VariableNILMMild DysplasiaSevere dysplasap-value
HIV status
 Not infected11,261 (85.7)1288 (9.8)599 (4.6)0.930a
 Infected605 (86.1)68 (9.7)30 (4.3) 
Age at CCS
 < 35 years5367 (93.4)288 (5.0)94 (1.6)0.001
 ≥ 35 years6701 (80.4)1083 (13.0)548 (6.6) 
Total # lifetime sex partners
 < 36727 (85.5)763 (9.7)374 (4.8)0.001a
 ≥ 33035 (88.7)271 (7.9)114 (3.3) 
Use of condom
 No10,436 (86.0)1166 (9.6)540 (4.4)0.002a
 Yes904 (89.5)81 (8.0)25 (2.5) 
History of smoking
 No11,899 (85.8)1340 (9.7)630 (4.5)0.145b
 Yes63 (79.8)13 (16.4)3 (3.8) 
History of Alcohol
 No11,212 (86.1)1230 (9.4)588 (4.5)0.001a
 Yes743 (81.7)123 (13.5)44 (4.8) 
History of vaginal infection
 No1919 (82.0)276 (11.8)145 (6.2)0.001a
 Yes9752 (86.6)1036 (9.2)480 (4.2) 
Ever diagnosed with STI
 No7431 (86.8)763 (8.9)365 (4.3)0.843a
 Yes1228 (87.3)122 (8.7)56 (4.0) 
Age at first sex
 ≥ 22 years8025 (84.5)996 (10.5)476 (5.0)0.001a
 < 22 years3843 (88.5)345 (8.0)153 (3.5) 
Education years completed
 < 7 years1366 (83.8)172 (10.5)93 (5.7)0.001a
 7–12 years3078 (89.8)256 (7.5)93 (2.7) 
 > 12 years5834 (87.6)584 (8.8)244 (3.6) 
Parity
 <  57382 (88.2)699 (8.4)288 (3.4)0.001a
 ≥ 52894 (77.0)563 (14.9)303 (8.1) 
  1. aPearson’s chi2. bFisher’s Exact. Percent in parenthesis