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Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors for liver cancer

From: Risk factors for liver Cancer in HIV endemic areas of Western Kenya

  Total
N=514 (%)
HCC +ve N=257(%) HCC -ve
N=257 (%)
Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) p value
Age in years
 Youth [<35] 228(44.3) 30(11.7) 198(77.0) Ref Ref  
 Adult [>35] 286(55.7) 227(88.3) 59(23.0) 37.6(22.6-62.7) 51.6(27.8-95.6) <0.0001
Sex
 Male 369(71.8) 173(67.3) 196(76.3) 0.4(0.3-0.7) 0.2(0.1-0.4) <0.0001
 Female 145(28.2) 84(32.7) 61(23.7) Ref Ref  
Hepatitis B virus infection
 Positive 277(53.9) 98(38.1) 179(69.6) 2.5(1.7-3.3) 3.3(1.67-5.0) <0.0001
 Negative 237(46.1) 159(61.9) 78(30.4) Ref Ref  
History of alcohol intake
 Yes 26(5.1) 15(5.9) 21(8.2) 1.3(0.6-2.8) 3.1(0.9-11.1) 0.076
 No 488(94.9) 252(98.1) 236(91.8) Ref Ref  
HIV infection
 Positive 137(22.2) 109(33.5) 28(10.9) 3.8(2.3-6.0) 4.3(2.2-8.4) <0.0001
 Negative 377(77.8) 148(66.5) 229(89.1) Ref Ref