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Table 3 Comparison of Clinical Features Among Endemic HIV-Negative Pediatric KS Cohorts in Africa

From: Endemic Kaposi sarcoma in HIV-negative children and adolescents: an evaluation of overlapping and distinct clinical features in comparison with HIV-related disease

Location(s) Time Period n Age of Cohort % Male Gender Original Clinical Presentation with KS Involvement of:
Lymph Node Skin Lesions Woody Edema Oral Lesions Visceral Disease
Uganda/Tanzania 3 1957–65 51 median 10 years 76% 53% 53% no mention no mention no mention
Uganda 4 1968–75 12 median 8 years 58% 83% 17% no mention 8% 8%
Tanzania 6 1968–82 73 63% under 5 years 84% 48% uncertain no mention 1% no mention
Kenya 7 1997–99 8 median 7 years 88% 75% 38% uncertain 0 13%
Blantyre, Malawi 8 2002–14 20 median 4 years 80% 60% 40% 70% 10% uncertain
Lilongwe, Malawi 2011–16 20 median 9 years 70% 50% 45% 40% 5% 0
  1. Legend: KS Kaposi sarcoma, no mention = indicates that these data were not mentioned at all in the publication, uncertain = indicates that although the topic was mentioned in the publication, discrete numbers were not reported. Associated references are listed in superscript in the first column