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Table 4 Association of cytokines and growth factors levels with clinicopathological features

From: Salivary and serum IL-10, TNF-α, TGF-β, VEGF levels in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and correlation with HPV and EBV infections

  IL-10 TNF-α VEGF TGF-β
Smoking 0.0017* 0.1542 0.4652 0.9853
Alcohol 0.1325 0.0915 0.1433 0.3278
Histological grade G 0.1105 0.0344* 0.0421* 0.7569
T stage 0.8636 0.0412* 0.0005* 0.2400
N stage 0.2592 0.3230 0.2878 0.0062*
EBV 0.0002* 0.0456* 0.0502 0.2842
HPV 0.0382* 0.7348 0.9016 0.0396*
HPV + EBV 0.0331* 0.6416 0.1180 0.0117*
  1. *Statistically significant