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Table 1 Association between socio-demographic factors and HPV infection

From: Epidemiological patterns of cervical human papillomavirus infection among women presenting for cervical cancer screening in North-Eastern Nigeria

  Presence of HPV DNA Total X 2 P value
Age group (years) Positive N (%) Negative N (%)    
 <30 17 (17.0 %) 19 (17.6 %) 036 0.642 0.725
 30–45 59 (59.0 %) 68 (63.0 %) 127   
 >45 24 (24.0 %) 21 (19.4 %) 045   
 Total 100 (100 %) 108 (100 %) 208   
Type of Family      
 Monogamous 59 (61.5 %) 69 (67.6 %) 128 0.829 0.363
 Polygamous 37 (38.5 %) 33 (32.4 %) 070   
 Total 96 (100 %) 102 (100 %) 198   
Level of Education      
 No formal education 15 (15.0 %) 17 (15.9 %) 0 32 15.897 0.007*
 Primary 10 (10.0 %) 04 (03.7 %) 014   
 Secondary 24 (24.0 %) 27 (25.2 %) 051   
 OND/NCE/HND 40 (40.0 %) 33 (30.8 %) 0 73   
 University graduate 05 (05.0 %) 23 (21.5 %) 0 28   
 Others 06 (06.0 %) 03 (02.8 %) 0 09   
 Total 100 (100 %) 107 (100 %) 207   
Marital Status      
 Married 88 (88.0 %) 94 (87.9 %) 182 1.963 0.580
 Single 03 (03.0 %) 05 (04.7 %) 008   
 Divorced 03 (03.0 %) 05 (04.7 %) 008   
 Widow 06 (06.0 %) 03 (02.8 %) 009   
 Total 100 (100 %) 107 (100 %) 207   
Employment Status      
 Employed 47 (47.0 %) 52 (48.6 %) 099 0.053 0.818
 Unemployed 53 (53.0 %) 55 (51.4 %) 108   
 Total 100 (100 %) 107 (100 %) 207   
Religion      
 Islam 53 (44.9 %) 65 (60.2 %) 118 1.092 0.296
 Christianity 47 (52.2 %) 43 (38.8 %) 090   
 Total 100 (100 %) 108 (100 %) 208   
Residence      
 Within Gombe city 75 (75.0 %) 87 (81.3 %) 162 1.260 0.533
 Other LGAs 18 (18.0 %) 15 (14.0 %) 033   
 Outside Gombe state 07 (07.0 %) 05 (04.7 %) 012   
 Total 100 (100 %) 107 (100 %) 207   
Tribe      
 Fulani 28 (28.0 %) 29 (27.1 %) 057 3.345 0.341
 Tangale 26 (26.0 %) 18 (16.8 %) 044   
 Hausa 11 (11.0 %) 17 (15.9 %) 028   
 Others 35 (35.0 %) 43 (40.2 %) 078   
 Total 100 (100 %) 107 (100 %) 207   
Type of housing      
 Personal house 50 (50.0 %) 63 (58.9 %) 113 6.023 0.197
 Rented flats 27 (27.0 %) 32 (29.9 %) 059   
 Self contained 20 (20.0 %) 10 (09.3 %) 030   
 Single rooms 02 (02.0 %) 02 (01.9 %) 004   
 Others 01 (01.0 %) 00 (00.0 %) 001   
 Total 100 (100 %) 107 (100 %) 207   
  1. * = statistically significant (i.e. <0.05), OND (Ordinary National Diploma), HND (Higher National Diploma), NCE (National Certificate of Education), LGA (Local Government Area)