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Table 4 Factors associated with high-risk human papillomavirus among HIV [+] women as determined using univariate and multivariate logistic regression

From: Prevalence and risk factors for High-Risk Human Papillomavirus (hrHPV) infection among HIV-infected and Uninfected Rwandan women: implications for hrHPV-based screening in Rwanda

Parameters Unadjusted model Adjusted model
  Odds ratio 95% CI Odds ratio 95% CI
Age category, years, n (%)     
Age 30 – 34 (Ref.) 1.0   1.0  
Age 35 – 39 0.44 0.32 – 0.61 0.44 0.31 – 0.61
Age 40 – 44 0.45 0.32 – 0.63 0.47 0.33 – 0.68
Age 45 – 49 0.39 0.26 – 0.60 0.42 0.27 – 0.65
Age 50 – 61 0.41 0.26 – 0.65 0.49 0.30 – 0.79
CD 4 cell count, cells/ μL     
CD4 cell count, ≥500 (Ref.) 1.0   1.0  
CD4 cell count, 350 – 499 1.0 0.74 – 1.3 1.0 0.76 – 1.4
CD4 cell count, 200 – 349 1.2 0.87 – 1.6 1.3 0.95 – 1.8
CD4 cell count, <200 2.0 1.2 – 3.1 2.2 1.4 – 3.6
Lifetime sexual partners: ≥3 vs. 1-2 1.5 1.2 – 2.0 1.6 1.2 – 2.0
Ever used hormonal Contraceptives: Yes vs. No 1.8 1.3 – 2.3 1.5 1.11– 2.0
Ever used tobacco use, Yes vs. No 1.1 0.62 – 1.9   
Ever been raped, Yes vs. No 1.1 0.85 – 1.4   
Antiretroviral Treatment: Yes vs. No 1.1 0.80 – 1.4   
Number of children delivered 0.95 0.88 – 1.0   
Malaria within 6 months, Yes vs. No 0.80 0.50 – 1.3   
Menopause, Yes vs. No 0.67 0.43 – 1.1   
  1. Stepwise Logistic regression with entry and stay p = 0.1.