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Table 2 Baseline characteristics by high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) status, restricted to HIV-infected (HIV [+]) women

From: Prevalence and risk factors for High-Risk Human Papillomavirus (hrHPV) infection among HIV-infected and Uninfected Rwandan women: implications for hrHPV-based screening in Rwanda

Parameters hrHPV positive hrHPV negative P
  N = 390 N = 838  
Age, years, mean ± SD 38.9 ± 6.7 40.7 ± 6.5 < 0.001
Age category, years, n (%)    < 0.001
Age 30 – 34 130 (46.8) 148 (53.2)  
Age 35 – 39 100 (27.9) 259 (72.1)  
Age 40 – 44 83 (28.1) 212 (71.9)  
Age 45 – 49 44 (25.7) 127 (74.3)  
Age 50 – 61 33 (26.4) 92 (73.6)  
CD4 cell count, n (%)    0.03
CD4 cell count, ≥500 156 (30.4) 357 (69.6)  
CD4 cell count, 350 – 499 103 (29.8) 243 (70.2)  
CD4 cell count, 200 – 349 91 (33.6) 180 (66.4)  
CD4 cell count, <200 40 (45.5) 48 (54.5)  
Age at sexual debut, years, n (%)    0.27
Age <14 9 (30.0) 21 (70.0)  
Age 14 – 25 78 (30.2) 180 (69.8)  
Age at first pregnancy,years ± SD 19.6 ± 3.2 20.3 ± 3.7 < 0.01
Lifetime sexual partners    < 0.001
1- 2 sexual partners 167 (27.1) 449 (72.9)  
≥ 3 sexual partners 223 (36.4) 389 (63.6)  
Number of children delivered, mean ± SD 3.0 ± 1.6 3.1 ± 1.7 0.21
Number of children delivered, n (%)    0.15
0 – 2 150 (33.5) 298 (66.5)  
3 – 4 158 (34.0) 306 (66.0)  
5 – 12 59 (27.0) 160 (73.0)  
Rape, n (%)    
Yes 135 (33.0) 274 (67.0) 0.50
No 255 (31.1) 564 (68.9)  
Menopause, n (%)    0.07
Yes 27 (24.3) 84 (75.7)  
No 363 (32.5) 754 (67.5)  
Polygamous relationship, n (%)    0.22
Yes 13 (38.2) 21 (61.8)  
No 54 (27.8) 140 (72.2)  
Ever used hormonal contraceptives, n (%)    < 0.001
Yes 126 (41.3) 179 (58.7)  
No 264 (28.6) 658 (71.4)  
Ever used tobacco, n (%)    0.78
Yes 19 (33.3) 38 (66.7)  
No 369 (31.6) 800 (68.4)  
Antiretroviral therapy, n (%)    0.63
Yes 307 (32.4) 641 (67.6)  
No 82 (30.8) 184 (69.2)  
Malaria within 6 months, n (%)    0.34
Yes 26 (27.4) 69 (72.6)  
No 364 (32.1) 769 (67.9)  
BMI, mean ± SD, kg/m ^2 22.7 ± 3.6 22.6 ± 3.8 0.59
  1. Chi-square test for categorical variables and ANOVA for continuous.