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Table 1 Detection of galectin-9 in biopsies from head and neck carcinomas

From: A novel monoclonal antibody for detection of galectin-9 in tissue sections: application to human tissues infected by oncogenic viruses

Patient Origin Gender/Age Tumor site/Histological Type Clinical stage Galectin-9 staining
      Malignant cells Stroma cells Adjacent mucosa
        (epithelium type)
1 Tunisia M/48 NPC/UNK* T4N3bM1 + + + - (malpighian)
2 Romania F/34 NPC/UNK T2bN0M0 + + + - (malpighian)
3 Cameroon M/62 NPC/UNK T4N2M0 + + - + (secretory)
4 France M/63 NPC/UNK T4N0Mx + + + n/a
5 France M/62 NPC/UNK T3N2M0 + + + n/a
6 Portugal F/84 NPC/UNK T4N2M0 + + + n/a
7 Algeria M/40 NPC/UNK T4N2M0 + + - + (malpighian)
8 Turkey M/57 NPC/UNK T1N0M0 + + + n/a
9 China F/31 NPC/UNK T4N0M0 + + - - (malpighian)
10 France M/48 NPC/UNK T1N2M0 + + - - (secretory)
11 France M/62 Tonsil/Infiltrating SCC** T2N1M0 + + - (malpighian)
12 France F/82 Tongue/Differentiated SCC T2N0M0 - + - (malpighian)
13 France M/64 Pelvi-lingual furrow/Differentiated SCC T2N1M0 - + - (malpighian)
  1. * NPC/UNK : nasopharyngeal carcinoma/undifferentiated non-keratinizing, ** SCC : squamous cell carcinoma, ++ : intense and homogeneous galectin-9 staining, + : moderate or scattered galectin-9 staining, - : absence of galectin-9 staining, n/a : not applicable (no segment of non malignant mucosa observed in the tissue section).