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Table 1 Cancer Chemopreventive Polyphenols in some Nigerian Foodstuffs

From: Nigerian foodstuffs with prostate cancer chemopreventive polyphenols

S/No Food
(Common Names)
Foods
(Botanical Names)
Polyphenol Composition
1. African pear, African plum Dacryodes edulis fruit Gallate, methylgallate, catechol, ellagic acid, quercetin and quercetin rhamnoside
2. Drumstick, Horse Radish Tree Moringa oleifera Chlorogenic acid, rutin, quercetin glucoside, kaempferol rhamnoglucoside, procyanidins
3. African olive Canarium schweinfurthii Engl Catechol, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, tyrosol, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, dihydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, phloretic acid, pinoresinol, secoisolariciresinol
4. Soursop, Graviola, Brazilian pawpaw Annona muricata Annonaceous acetogenins (annomontacin, annomuricatins, annomuricins, annomutacin, annonacin, annonacinone annocatalin, annohexocin, annomonicin, annopentocin, muricins muricatetrocin, longifolicin epomuricenins, epomurinins, gigantetrocins, etc)
5. Tomatoes Lycopersicon esculentum Mill Lycopene
6. Cabbage Brassica oleracea Indole-3-carbinol
7. Soya beans (Glycine max) Isoflavones (daidzein and genistein)
8. Green tea Camellia sinensis (-) epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), (-) epicatechin, (-) epicatechin-3-gallate and (-) epigallocatechin -3-gallate
9. Chili pepper Capsicum spp Capsaicin
10. Citrus fruits Citrus spp Pectins, Limonoids