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Table 1 Geographic distribution of Human Papillomavirus in conjunctiva carcinoma

From: Low frequency of human papillomavirus infection in conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma of Mexican patients

Continent Authors Year N cases HPV cutaneous prevalence HPV mucosal prevalence Countries
African Yu JJ 2010 11 0 9 (81%) Uganda, Kenya
  Ateenyi-Agaba C 2010 94 42 (44.7%) 6 (6.4%) Uganda
  DeKoning MN 2008 24 10 (42%) 3 (13%) Uganda
  Tornesello ML 2006 29 3 (10.3%) 0 Uganda
  Moubayeb P 2004 14 0 5 (35%) Tanzania
  Ateenyi-Agaba C 2004 21 0 18 (86%) Uganda
  Newton R 2002 39 0 11 (28%) Uganda
  Waddell KM 1996 20 0 7 (35%) Uganda, Malawi
Europe Reszec J 2010 38 0 2 (5.2%) Poland
  Guthoff R 2009 31 0 0 Germany
  Reszec J 2005 11 0 1 (9%) Poland
  Toth J 2000 23 0 5 (22%) Hungary
Asia Manderwad GP 2009 48 0 0 India
  Sen S 2007 30 0 0 India
  Jung SM 2006 13 0 0 Taiwan
  Tulvatana W 2002 30 0 0 Thailand
  Eng HL 2002 20 0 0 China
  Karcioglu ZA 1997 31 0 17 (55%) Saudi Arabia
Oceania Tabrizi SN 1997 88 0 34 (39%) Australia
America Palazzi MA 2000 31 0 4 (12%) Brazil
  McDonell JM 1992 11 0 7 (63%) USA
  Present work 2011 36 0 8 (22%) Mexico
  1. Publications containing less than ten cases studied were excluded from the analysis. In total were 21 reports covering more than 650 cases with an average of 28% in 15 countries. A range from 0-86% was observed