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Table 3 Risk factors for high risk human papillomavirus positivity stratified by age

From: A population-based cross-sectional study of age-specific risk factors for high risk human papillomavirus prevalence in rural Nigeria

   15-29 Years 30-45 Years 46-55 Years 56+ Years
   n (%HR-HPV) OR 95% CI n (%HR-HPV) OR 95% CI n (%HR-HPV) OR 95% CI n (%HR-HPV) OR 95% CI
Age of Sexual Debut (years) 10-14 20 (25.0) 0.3 0.04 - 3.0 19 (36.8) 5.0 1.1 - 23.0 7 (0.0) N/A N/A 1 (0.0) N/A N/A
  15-24 226 (18.1) 0.2 0.03 - 1.6 365 (11.8) 1.2 0.3 - 4.0 168 (13.1) 1.1 0.4 - 3.1 241 (17.4) 1.6 0.8 - 3.1
  25+ 4 (50.0) 1.0 Ref 29 (10.3) 1.0 Ref 41 (12.2) 1.0 Ref 112 (11.6) 1.0 Ref
   p-valuea = 0.29 p-valuea = 0.02 p-valuea = 0.90 p-value = 0.15
Age at First 12-19 70 (15.7) 0.5 0.1 - 1.8 53 (13.2) 1.5 0.6 - 3.9 27 (18.5) 1.4 0.5 - 4.3 17 (23.5) 2.4 0.7 - 8.1
Pregnancy 20-24 99 (22.2) 0.7 0.2 - 2.5 214 (15.0) 1.7 0.9 - 3.4 77 (10.4) 0.7 0.3 - 1.8 102 (21.6) 2.2 1.2 - 4.1
(years) 25+ 14 (28.6) 1.0 Ref 139 (9.4) 1.0 Ref 108 (13.9) 1.0 Ref 214 (11.2) 1.0 Ref
   p-valuea = 0.42 p-valuea = 0.30 p-valuea = 0.54 p-value = 0.04
No. of Sex Partners (past two years) 2+ 84 (22.6) 1.4 0.7 - 2.7 132 (17.4) 1.7 1.0 - 3.0 56 (14.3) 1.1 0.5 - 2.7 25 (16.0) 1.1 0.4 - 3.2
  1 154 (17.5) 1.0 Ref 289 (11.1) 1.0 Ref 165 (12.7) 1.0 Ref 336 (15.2) 1.0 Ref
   p-value = 0.34 p-value = 0.08 p-value = 0.77 p-value = 0.91
Current Birth Control Use Yes 33 (27.3) 1.8 0.8 - 4.1 84 (19.1) 1.8 1.0 - 3.4 48 (16.7) 1.4 0.6 - 3.4 17 (23.5) 1.8 0.6 - 5.7
  No 206 (17.5) 1.0 Ref 328 (11.6) 1.0 Ref 170 (12.4) 1.0 Ref 331 (14.8) 1.0 Ref
   p-value = 0.19 p-value = 0.08 p-value = 0.45 p-value = 0.36
In Household with Co-wives Yes 43 (18.6) 0.9 0.4 - 2.2 211 (13.7) 1.1 0.6 - 2.0 100 (13.0) 1.0 0.4 - 2.2 163 (12.3) 0.7 0.4 - 1.2
  No 200 (19.5) 1.0 Ref 208 (12.5) 1.0 Ref 121 (13.2) 1.0 Ref 200 (17.5) 1.0 Ref
   p-value = 0.89 p-value = 0.71 p-value = 0.96 p-value = 0.16
Number of Malaria Diagnoses (past two years) 3+ 62 (21.0) 3.2 0.7 - 15.3 121 (15.7) 1.2 0.4 - 3.6 77 (11.7) 0.4 0.1 - 1.4 153 (15.0) 1.1 0.2 - 5.1
  2 48 (22.9) 3.6 0.7 - 17.5 111 (8.1) 0.6 0.2 - 1.9 72 (11.1) 0.4 0.1 - 1.3 104 (16.4) 1.2 0.2 - 5.7
  1 86 (16.3) 2.3 0.5 - 11.0 123 (12.2) 0.9 0.3 - 2.7 43 (11.6) 0.4 0.1 - 1.6 63 (14.3) 1.0 0.2 - 5.2
  0 26 (7.7) 1.0 Ref 38 (13.2) 1.0 Ref 20 (25.0) 1.0 Ref 14 (14.3) 1.0 Ref
   p-valuea = 0.31 p-valuea = 0.35 p-valuea = 0.47 p-value = 0.98
  1. a - p-trend.