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Table 2 Demographic and other characteristics of prostate cancer cases and controls in the Nigerian study population

From: Association of self-reported consumption of cooked meat, fish, seafood and eggs with prostate cancer risk among Nigerians

Characteristic Cases
n = 56
Controls
n = 268
p-value
Residency    <0.04
   Rural 25(44.6) 161(60.1)  
   Urban 31(55.4) 107(39.9)  
Recruitment site    <0.001
   Community 12(21.4) 251(93.7)  
   Hospital Clinics 44(78.6) 17(6.3)  
Age (years)    <0.001
   <54 3(5.4) 137(51.1)  
   55–74 32(57.1) 112(41.8)  
   ≥ 75 21(37.5) 19(7.1)  
Education    <0.03
   None 19(33.9) 54(20.1)  
   <Secondary 23(41.1) 122(45.5)  
   Secondary 1(1.8) 41(15.3)  
   Post-Secondary 6(10.7) 25(9.3)  
   College 7(12.5) 26(9.7)  
Annual Income (Naira)§    ns
<N45,000 47(90.4) 175(77.1)  
N45,000–N85,000 3(5.8) 20(8.8)  
≥ N85,000 2(3.8) 32(14.1)  
History of BPH    <0.001
Self-Report 22(39.3) 11(4.1)  
Obesity status    
BMI ≥ 30 (kg/m2) 7(14.0) 16(6.2) ns
BMI ≥ 35 (kg/m2) 2(4.0) 32(14.1) ns
Anthropometry (Mean)    
WHR 0.97 ± 0.09 0.92 ± 0.07 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 23.9 ± 5.15 23.4 ± 3.84 ns
Height (cm) 165.1 ± 9.37 166.8 ± 7.60 ns
Skin fold thickness(mm) 8.9 ± 4.19 8.9 ± 4.09 ns
  1. § Nigerian currency
  2. ‡ Average skin fold ((biceps + triceps + sub-scapular)/3)