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Table 3 Odds ratios (Confidence Interval) for associations with high-risk HPV infectionsa and multiple infectionsb in Jamaican women.

From: High-risk and multiple human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in cancer-free Jamaican women

  Odds ratios (CI)
High-risk HPV infections:  
Alcohol intake  
   No 1.0 (reference)
   Yes 0.31 (0.15–0.85)
Age at first sexual encounter  
   20 years or older 1.0 (reference)
   16 – 19 3.56 (1.41–9.12)
   12 – 15 3.54 (1.22–10.23)
Multiple infections:  
Pregnancy status  
   Non-pregnant 1.0 (reference)
   Pregnant 1.67 (0.92, 3.03)
Bacterial vaginosis  
   No 1.0 (reference)
   Yes 2.76 (1.01, 8.02)
  1. a Adjusted for age of participant, age at first sexual intercourse, smoking (yes/no), alcohol use (yes/no), bacterial vaginosis (yes/no), and pregnancy status (non-pregnant/pregnant).
  2. b Adjusted for age.