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Table 1 Comparison of demographic, lifestyle and sexual practice variables in HPV-negative and HPV-positive women.

From: High-risk and multiple human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in cancer-free Jamaican women

  HPV-negative
n = 29
Low risk
HPV-positive
n = 39
High-risk HPV-positive
n = 158
Pregnancy:*    
   Pregnant 44.8 (13) 51.3 (20) 65.8 (104)
   Non-pregnant 55.2 (16) 48.7 (19) 3402 (54)
Gravidity:    
   0 13.8 (4) 10.3 (4) 5.7 (9)
   1–2 48.3 (14) 43.6 (17) 50.0 (79)
   3 or more 37.9 (11) 46.3 (18) 44.3 (70)
Parity:    
   0 34.5 (10) 35.9 (14) 34.0 (52)
   1–2 34.5 (10) 46.2 (18) 51.0 (78)
   3 or more 31.0 (9) 17.9 (7) 15.0 (23)
Age at first sexual intercourse:†    
   <16 years 36.0 (9) 16.7 (6) 25.2 (35)
   16 – 19 18.0 (12) 61.1 (22) 66.9 993)
   20 years older: 16.0 (4) 22.2 (8) 7.9 (11)
Cytology diagnosis:    
   Normal 91.3 (21) 96.9 (31) 93.6 (131)
   Dysplasia 8.7 (2) 3.1 (1) 6.4 (9)
Bacterial vaginosis 13.0 (3) 3.1 (1) 14.3 (20)
Reported sexually transmitted infections    
   Yes 86.2 (25) 76.9 (30) 79.2 (122)
   No 13.8 (4) 23.1 (90 20.8 (32)
Age groups:    
   <25 years 27.6 (8) 28.6 (10) 28.8 (44)
   25 – 34 41.4 (12) 42.9 (15) 41.2 (63)
   35 – 44 20.7 (6) 14.3 (5) 24.8 (38)
   45 or older 10.3 (3) 14.3 (5) 5.2 (8)
Smoker    
   Yes 3.4 (1) 5.1 (2) 2.5 (4)
   No 96.6 (28) 94.9 (37) 97.5 (153)
Alcohol consumption:*    
   Yes 31.0 (9) 28.2 (11) 13.5 (21)
   No 69.0 (20) 71.8 (28) 86.5 (134)
Hormonal contraceptive use    
   Yes 48.3 (14) 67.6 (25) 57.6 (87)
   No 51.7 (15) 32.4 (12) 42.4 (64)
Number of sexual partners:    
   1 – 5 72.4 (21) 94.9 (37) 82.1 (128)
   6 – 15 20.7 (6) 5.1 (2) 14.7 (23)
   >16 609 (2) 0 3.2 (5)
  1. † Subjects missing
  2. Normal – no abnormal changes.
  3. Dysplasia – abnormal cervical changes including ASCUS, CIN I-III;
  4. ASCUS – atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance
  5. CIN – cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  6. *X2; P < 0.05