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Table 7 Summary of case-control studies investigating cutaneous HPV types in the aetiology of ocular surface squamous neoplasias

From: Genital and cutaneous human papillomavirus (HPV) types in relation to conjunctival squamous cell neoplasia: A case-control study in Uganda

Study [Reference] Prevalence of cutaneous HPV (number/total) Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) and p value
  Cases Controls  
Ateenyi-Agaba et al, 2004 [68] 86% (18/21) 35% (7/20) 12.0 (1.7–84.9), p = 0.0021
Tornesello et al, 2006 [69] 17% (15/86) 0% (0/63) ∞ (2.5–∞), p = 0.0012
de Koning [this study] 22% (18/81) 3% (1/29) 8.0 (1.0–168.5), p = 0.04
  1. 1. For comparative purposes, the unadjusted odds ratio is shown
  2. 2. Estimated using Fisher exact test